Eastern Siberia is one of the largest regions of Russia with an area of 4122,8 km² full of mystery and amazing beauty. Eastern Siberia is composed of: Krasnoyarsk region, Republic of Khakassia, Republic of Tuva, Irkutsk region, Chita region, Buryat Republic, and four Autonomous Regions: Taimyr, Even, Ust-Ordynsky Buryatskiy andAginsky Buryat.
Eastern Siberia is situated at a great distance from the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean which gives it a continental climate. There are common features in the climate despite the fact that natural conditions are very different. Winters can be severe and last from 5 to 6 months. Summer is usually hot and dry lasting 2 to 3 months. The spring and autumn pass quickly. During the year there are many sunny days, at these times locals say, “Frost and the sun – a wonderful day!” In Eastern Siberia the climate is characterized by a relatively small amount of precipitation.
Eastern Siberia is a region that is surprisingly rich with beautiful nature. The region boasts the huge and unique Taiga forest. The word “Taiga”, which also originated from this region of Siberia, means coniferous wood. The Taiga of Eastern Siberia comprises 27% of the world’s tree population. There are also water sources such as the Yenisei, Angara, and Lena Rivers. Rivers are the largest country resource for providing affordable hydropower and water. The region of East Siberia is also famous for its rich coal reserves and valuable minerals such as gold, copper, nickel. East Siberia is considered to be the most important livestock regions of Russia. The huge territory has given opportunities for successful development of agriculture and animal industries. As you can see, East Siberia is a major resource not only for Siberia but also the whole country of Russia.
Lake Baikal is a famous water resource regarded as a national treasure. This is a wonderful place, surrounded by mountains with unique nature and fauna, fascinating wildlife. The lake is the deepest in the world boasting the greatest storehouse of fresh water in the world. Each year tourists flock to Lake Baikal which explains the numerous resorts that are concentrated in the area. The area also has mineral waters and clay with medicinal properties often used by people to improve health.