Founded in 1893 Novosibirsk is the third largest city in Russia, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the largest city of Siberia.
Novosibirsk means “New Siberian city”
Novosibirsk obliges its birth to the construction of the Trans-Siberian railroad. The railway demanded in 1893 a bridge across the Ob river and the town was established next to the bridge. Novonikolaevsk was the original name of the town given in honor of both Saint Nicholas and of the reigning tsar, Nicholas II.
The city had a rapid growth but during the Russian Civil War it suffered from epidemics. The bridge was destroyed and finally it was taken by the Red Army. However, in 1921 Novonikolayevsk began reconstruction and in 1926 turned into Novosibirsk as it is known today. 70 years later on September 2, 1962, Novosibirsk became the youngest city in the world to reach a population of over a million people.
Novosibirsk has a unique geographic location. The main transportation arteries of Siberia historically merged here and gave the city a strong push for fast development. Nowadays Novosibirsk concentrates great industrial and scientific potential. The creation of Novosibirsk’s Akademgorodok (Siberian Branch of Academy of Science) in 1957 brought Novosibirsk a status as an important intellectual city of Russia. The city hosts a total of fourteen research institutions and universities.
The city was officially recognized in 2004 as the capital of Siberia. Thus the office of Special Presidential Envoy for the Siberian Federal District is located here. Governors of other Siberian regions come to Novosibirsk regularly for conferences that have turned the city into a center for national politics.
Novosibirsk, a city of contrasts.
The streets of Novosibirsk are wide and cross each other perpendicularly. Nevertheless, the wide streets do not prevent traffic jams during rush hours. All different kinds of city transportation are available: cars, buses, trams, streetcars and subway. Residents prefer the subway, which is fast, comfortable and a convenient way to move around.
Additionally, Tolmachevo International Airport was recognized in 2004 as the best airport in the CIS. Tolmachevo is very modern and beautiful with regular flights to Europe, Asia and other Russian cities.
The people of Novosibirsk are also proud of having their own sea (as they say) – Ob Reservoir has a length of 230 kilometers. The largest lake in Western Siberia, Lake Chany is located in the South-East part of the region.
One of the city symbols and place of tourists’ concentration is the Chapel of St. Nikolay. It was built in 1914 in celebration of the 300 years of the Romanov’s royal dynasty.
The climate is sharply continental, with severely cold winters. Temperatures in summer range from 20 °C to 25 °C (75 °F); in winter -18 °C to -20 °C (- 68 °F)
In 1993 Novosibirsk celebrated its 100th anniversary.
City code for Novosibirsk is 383.